Here's an outline of 2nd grade JHS topics (supplemented from the Akita AJET Community Wiki):

Topic
Example
Past tense
I was eating.
Look
You look beautiful.
Future tense
I am going to eat dinner.
Infinitive
I read books to relax after work
Infinitive
I want to eat natto.
Obligation
You must help your other. I have to cook breakfast.
Future tense
I will study tomorrow.
Past tense
Could you help me?
Conditional
When it is rainy, I carry an umbrella. If you like apples, try this apple pie.
Expressing an opinion
I think that
Qualifications
I often watch TV because it's interesting.
There/is/are
There are two mountains over there.
Gerunds
I started laughing.
Comparing
  • America is bigger than Japan.
  • Japan is not as big as America.
  • The Matrix is more enjoyable than Casablanca.
  • Softball is less interesting than volleyball.
Comparing
  • Mt. Everest is the tallest mountain in the world.
  • Mt. Fuji is the most spectacular mountain in Japan.
Comparing
Tomatoes are as red as blood.